The number of acres in hay pasture is more than twice the number of acres planted in corn (578,852 acres), soybeans (338,132 acres), ... including fescue, orchard grass, timothy, plus clover and other "forbs." Top dressings with lime, phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) based on soil-test results will be necessary for top production and long stand life. Also bale size is something to consider. Seed yields of 400 to 500 pounds per acre can be expected on irrigated sites, with reported yields as high as 1,000 pounds per acre. productive of the cool-season grasses. Compared to many cool-season grasses, orchardgrass establishes easily and is sometimes interseeded into mature pastures and hayfields with a lot of success. According to Oregon State University Extension Service, an acre may yield between 65 to 165 small bales of hay per cutting, with up to three cuttings per year. Ohio State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, Ohio. Timothy is popular in the northern half of Pennsylvania and most of New York State because of its natural adaptation to moist, cool environments. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre. Grass-alfalfa mixtures dry faster than pure alfalfa. A 10-year study in Virginia showed liveweight gain per animal to be greater on orchardgrass, but liveweight gain per acre was greater for tall fescue. Hay. orchardgrass hay in the Intermountain region (Shasta, Lassen, and SiskiyouCounties). This is probably associated with the endophyte problem in older varieties of tall fescue. 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre. The following chart shows findings over the last sixteen years. 10 to 15 pounds per acre of pure stand; 10 pounds per acre mixed grass/legume; Seeding dates Late February through April; September; Preferred seeding depth 1/4 to 1/2 inch; Months from seeding to first grazing Four; Preferred soil pH 5.5 or higher; Fertilization 30 to 40 pounds N per acre; P, K and lime as needed. Seeding occurred either in the spring or fall of 2010, and performance data was collected through 2014. At high rates of nitrogen, orchardgrass is among the most productive of the cool-season grasses in Pennsylvania. When seeding an orchardgrass-legume mixture, the two should mature at about the same time. Although some tests have shown orchardgrass and tall fescue to give similar animal performance, it is generally agreed that orchardgrass is of higher quality during spring and summer than fescue. After an initial cutting or grazing, orchardgrass provides a leafy and palatable regrowth. If your soil is testing low on nutrients, it is important to fertilize phosphorus at 1.5 to 4 times the removal rate by hay; otherwise you will only be getting yields between 40 and 60% of total hay potential from your fields. . These include soils with good water holding capacity and intensive management practices, like rotational grazing. You harvested a 4.5 acre alfalfa field as follows: In the fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at Milan, TN. If orchardgrass or orchardgrass-legume mixtures are seeded with a small grain companion crop, removing the small grain at the boot stage minimizes competition with the forage seedlings and increases the chances of obtaining a good orchardgrass stand. (50 to 1300 kg). Since orchardgrass is a high-quality grass, it can be grazed by most classes of livestock. Conception rate of the cows was 18 percentage points higher on the orchardgrass pastures. “This year alfalfa hay has dropped to $230 a ton, while the orchard grass/alfalfa blend has stayed solid at $260 a ton,” he says, adding that price per ton is only one of several reasons for choosing to overseed into alfalfa. According to UKY, the "varieties that have performed better than average over many years and at several locations have very stable performance." It is important to realize that hay produced Yields are reduced during periods of drought. Grasses and grass mixtures, whether grown for hay or pasture, are perennial crops. Without irrigation, you can expect yields of 2 tons per acre when grasses are grown on sandy soils where moisture is usually limited. When planting a per-manent pasture or hayfield, producers have to decide which cool-season grass to use. 60# of N was applied at green-up. Figure 3. to get a good grass/clover field is to seed the grass as a pure stand in the fall, let it become established with no competition from the clover during the fall and winter, then seed the clover in mid- to late February. Harvest at 4 tons/acre of Potomac with market value (MV*) of hay at $110/ton: $440 ; Harvest at 4.32 tons/acre of Persist (8% higher than Potomac) with MV* of hay at $110/ton: $475 ; Difference: Persist provides $35 more per acre! Our yields were: Timothy hay: 4.8 tons to the acre, Orchard/brome/timothy mixture: 3.25 tons to the acre. Yields of Persist exceeded that of the mean every year. And one of those cuttings of grass was pretty crappy due to lack of irrigation water. While the 3-yr total for each variety remains statistically All of these forages can be used success-fully for hay. Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. Chatham.Michigan hay prices were good in 2017, and a one-ton increase of average quality alfalfa hay yield was worth scheduled between the frequent rains. historic yield 2015 yield . In the 2004 Urbana, IL grass trial, five orchardgrass varieties have been entered. and out-yielding the lowest entry by 53%! Therefore, the previous crop is not a consideration when making fertilizer guidelines. 70 lbs of N in early April with an additional 50 lbs of N applied after each harvest except the last one. Two pounds of white clover and 4 pounds of red clover per acre broadcast the last two weeks of February should Orchardgrass is usually easy to establish in either early spring or late summer. Maintain soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0 for best results. In the fall of 2007 a forage trial study was planted at Spring Hill, TN. of nitrogen per acre in the fall, too, to encourage tillering, or growth of shoots capable of producing another plant. Then multiply 43.56 by the pounds of grass seed for each 1,000 square feet to get the amount of grass seed needed per acre. The trial was seeded April 3rd, 2004 on silty-clay loam. order to predict potential yields. Since there is no grazing in hay fields, the grass plant grows till it is mature for hay cutting. [4.0 tons x (100% - 15% moisture)] = 3.4 tons of dry forage]. Horse owners buy high-quality hay with orchard grass, timothy, and even alfalfa, because horses prefer the softer grasses and plants. Seed yield responds well to nitrogen fertilization. Pacific Northwest (PNW): Typically harvested four times per year. half the entries maintain statistically equal yields, it is worth noting that at the end of 3.5 years, Persist, along with one other Seed yield responds well to nitrogen fertilization. * Note: Nitrogen recommendations are based the realistic yield goal in tons per acre for the given forage and are given in tons per acre of nitrogen required. https://persistorchardgrass.com/research/profitability.html Dryland harvests are not common, but would only be possible in areas receiving 18 inches or more of annual precipitation. Photo: Charma Comer, U.S. Department of Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation Service. Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. The average total yield is 20-35 tons per hectare (or 8-14 tons per acre) per year (distributed in 5-6 cuts). Late summer seedings, however, have been most successful in Pennsylvania. Orchardgrass is a versatile grass and can be used for pas-ture, hay, green chop, or silage. Hay yields of 4 to 6 tons can be expected when it is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails. The practices and inputs 60# of N was applied at green-up. 1 That's per year with more than one cutting per season. Average yearly yields are around 6.5 tons/acre. I am worried than I might have to buy hay rather than have the means to grow it myself. Average yearly yields are around 8 tons/acre. Orchardgrass and tall fescue will provide the highest yields. It is not as winter hardy or drought tolerant as smooth bromegrass, but it can survive and be highly productive throughout all of Pennsylvania. Should also measure quality of the hay, not just quantity. Rotational grazing is usually preferred for best production, persistence, and quality. Usually though, boot stage harvests provide a good compromise between yield and quality. Forage species Yield CP TDN (ton/acre) (%) (%) alfalfa 3-6 17-22 57-62 orchardgrass 2-5 12-15 55-60 tall fescue 2-4 10-15 55-60 rye 1-4 8-10 50-55 ryegrass 1-4 10-16 56-62 bermudagrass 5-8 10-14 52-58 johnsongrass 2-5 10-14 50-60 pearl millet 2-6 8-12 50-58 1 dry matter basis Adapted from: D.M. Tons of Grass Hay per Acre Jump to page : 1 ... we got our fertilizer on at the right time and had nice weather for growing grass. This hay primarily consists of cool-season grasses, sometimes mixed with a legume such as clover or alfalfa. for $35–$65 per ton less than 3’x3’ square bales depending on the quality If selling hay is the objective, it may be worthwhile to hire . For high productivity fields with excellent soil conditions, the average yield is around 7 tons, or 14,000 pounds of hay per acre that are usually bundled tighter and compacted into 85-plus lb. Grass hay cut too early will not cure as easily due to high moisture content, plus it will produce a lower yield per acre than longer, more mature grass. Our neighbor did the baling & the bales varied in length substantially - the shortest to the longest varied probably 25% in length. Arlington. years, we would expect Persist to remain at the top of yield performance. If you are really interested in how Persist pulls away from the pack over time, scan through the next five tables and notice its performance clicking here The University of Nebraska ran an orchardgrass trial during 2002-2004 at Mead and North Platte. Annual nitrogen applications of 150 lb per acre are economical. a custom harvester to bale the hay . Southern Forages. Aftermath growth can be harvested at 4-to 6-week intervals. The expected yield will vary with such factors as intended use, management intensity and soil texture. What is the average ton/acre for timothy or orchard grass? I appreciate any info. You can expect yields of 4 or more tons of dry matter per acre under certain conditions. for the two years in Mead than Persist. He says it doesn’t hurt to give tall fescue and orchard grass up to 30 lbs. Below you will find first a summary table of the most recent Tennessee data, followed by a breakdown by location. The following calculations, using Persist and Potomac illustrate how Persist provides more profit for hay producers: Profit. - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I am curious how many tons per acre you expect on average for alfalfa on your acres and how you get them. Total Cost per Acre $113.88 $116.56 $108.37 $105.46 $103.45 Total Cash Cost per Acre $32.20 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 * Total costs for each pasture system and hay have been calculated to include ownership costs of machinery and land (including a return on investment) as well as a charge for labor. Neighbor has one horse on a 5 acre pasture, unfertilized, and it keeps up with grazing the grass down. Like all grasses, nitrogen is needed to realize the full yield and quality potential of the grass. Orchardgrass should not be seeded with other grasses because of differences in maturity and palatability. After ensuring that the plants have dried, a tractor pulling a baler arranges the hay into bales that weigh from 100 to 2800 lbs. Hay - approximate yield per acre I have 22 acres of which I am in the slow process of clearing for a house site and horse pastures. FS1295: Soil Fertility Recommendations for Producing Grass Hay … Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. Haymaster can be used for hay, silage and pasture and is $130 to 160/acre. The North Plate site was irrigated and received 17" of rain plus 23.6" of irrigation In addition to variation in yield among varieties, ... applied at the rate of 50 pounds per acre prior to seeding. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. 4,000 lb./65 lb. In western Oregon, low productivity hay pastures typically average around 2 tons, or 4,000 lbs. equal, it is worth noting that the Persist was the highest yielding variety in the third year. A high-quality grass, it will provide excellent feed for most classes of livestock. Orchardgrass is responsive to fertilizer, especially nitrogen (N), and becomes very competitive when adequate nutrients are available. Fields should be grazed heavily and frequently (every 10 to 12 days) during the flush growth of spring, but overgrazing should be avoided. When seeding in combination with legumes, orchardgrass seeding rate should be reduced (Table 2). Grass stands harvested at the boot stage (before seedhead emergence) will have increased yield over vegetative stands, but the quality is lower. Figure 3. Yield data was taken Since orchardgrass is a high-quality grass, it can be grazed by most classes of livestock. View our privacy policy. N was applied at green-up. The test included Persist (called Syn-2 at the time), and six commercially grown cultivars. Ohio State University Extension Service put out an orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston, Ohio. In the fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at Greeneville, TN. Grass hay gross per acre in previous years = $1050. of improving yield per acre through use of better forage varieties is an important component RR variety average was 3.16, ranging from 3.06 of profitability. * Note: Nitrogen recommendations are based the realistic yield goal in tons per acre for the given forage and are given in tons per acre of nitrogen required. In the Upper Midwest, our choice for the main grass companion to alfalfa is tall fescue (TF), esp. Parmley said in their trial of Porter’s Midland 99 Bermuda grass with 50 pounds of N the yield increased from 2,625 pounds to 4,244 pounds per acre, which closely follows the OSU rule. Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. In fact, Persist did so well that it was added to the NRCS's Recommended list for varieties for In the north-central United States, there’s growing interest in the potential of using perennial forage grasses to complement alfalfa for high-quality forage production. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community, Download PDF Save For Later Print Purchase Print. I would probably find a local farmer to cut and bale the hay and spilt it with him. Does anybody have any info on the following? In a three-year study at Purdue University, animal performance was compared when grazing orchardgrass and tall fescue (Table 5). You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. While this trial has seen nearly Seed at the rate of 8 to 12 lb per acre. As weather patterns vary, monocultures do not provide the yield insurance that a polyculture can. Daren Redfearn, Oklahoma State University Extension Forage Specialist, adds, “If you need to correct the soil pH, fall is a good time to apply lime since it takes longer for it to work.” Irrigation was applied only at time of establishment. While this trial isn't showing statistical difference between the entries, we are pleased to report the highest numeric yielding . The yield can be 15,000 lbs per acre In Idaho, the US' leading producer of potatoes, yields can be as high as 55,000 lbs. The mean cumulative Rhodes grass hay yield across three harvests (made in July, September and November 2012) was significantly higher in MZ-2 (24.47 t ha⁻¹ per … It is also worth noting that in 2008, the drought year, Persist Timothy hay in the Pacific Northwest is primarily grown for export to Japan to be used for feed in dairy herds. Comparison of 2015 grass yields with historic In the absence of a soil test, assuming a medium-fertility soil and orchardgrass seeded alone, incorporate 0-45-135 lb per acre prior to seeding and apply 20-20-20 lb per acre (banded if possible) at seeding. example of hay dryness, an "as is" yield of 4.0 tons per acre is equal to 3.4 "dry" tons per acre when the moisture is 15%. I've heard everything from 3.5 to 7 tons per acre for alfalfa but nothing for grass hay. A further clarification Grass hay gross per acre this year= $1500. 60# of mixed stand, sometimes dramatically (up to 8 ton per acre). 4,000 lb./65 lb. measured by the number of acres used to grow any agricultural species, hay is the #1 crop in Virginia . See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement. historic yield 2015 yield . Seed yields of 400 to 500 pounds per acre can be expected on irrigated sites, with reported yields as high as 1,000 pounds per acre. This will enable harvesting of both species at proper developmental stages and improve the potential of harvesting top quality forage. By comparison, aftermath of timothy with similar management and fertility contributes about 20 percent of the total production. Palatability, as measured by grazing preference, was higher for orchardgrass than either tall fescue, bromegrass, or bluegrass. No hay fed, but ground feed. Ball and co-workers. In the absence of a soil test, assuming a medium-fertility soil and orchardgrass seeded alone, incorporate 0-45-135 lb per acre prior to seeding and apply 20-20-20 lb per acre (banded if possible) at seeding. There is increased risk of winter injury with summer seedings made after mid-August. 4. Grass forage quality declines more slowly than alfalfa during second and later cuttings because grass regrowth is mostly leaves. al. compared to the other varieties in the trial. Why do we need this? Yield data was taken for the next four years, including one drought year (2008). For example in this trial, Persist produced 38% more tonnage than the lowest For more data visit the University of Ilinois by If I chose to clear more and plant with hay in mind how much can I expect to get per acre. Equation: Estimated 4 tons per acre yield of 16% moisture hay at $200 per ton = $800 per acre value for all three cuttings; minus buyer’s cost of harvest and weather risk at $324 per acre assuming three cuttings (Table 1); equals the buyer’s maximum pay price: $476 per acre for three cuttings ($800 - $324 = $476). of the trial - indicating longer persistence than the other cultivars. 2018 Conditions. Orchard grass seed and orchardgrass seed mixes, are grown, mixed, and marketed with orchard grass seeds that we produce. Photo 1: Harvesting grass hay. Nitrogen fertilizer requirements for a grass growing with a legume can be reduced by 40 to 60 percent, compared to nitrogen recommendations for a grass growing without legumes. Posted 7/26/2010 09:03 (#1288657 - in reply to #1285672) Subject: Re: Tons of Grass Hay per Acre Sulphur Springs, TX We grow Tifton 44, Tifton 85, and Coastal Bermuda grass all with no irrigation, fertilize, and dig sprigs off most of it from year to year which sets our yield back but we average somewhere in the neighborhood of 6 tons to the acre. The data is listed as a percentage of the mean of the commercial varieties entered in each specific trials. Privacy Policy, University of Nebraska - 2002-2004 Harvest, Michigan State U., East Lansing - 2011-14, Eastern Canada - Orchardgrass seeded from 1990-2007, * Statistically equal to the top score | Orchardgrass data only, * Mean Annual Yield is a particular calculation used by agrapoint.ca to compare varieties evaluated over different time periods in Alfalfa gross per acre this year= $1250. Orchardgrass maturity: Why it matters | Hay and Forage Magazine Orchardgrass responds well to nitrogen fertilization and is very compatible with legumes in a mixture. There is usually about a two-week "window" of time in which grass is at its ideal stage for harvesting hay. The 13 varieties were evaluated for yield, stand percentage, maturity timing, disease incidence, spring regrowth, and fall regrowth. Forage species Yield CP TDN (ton/acre) (%) (%) alfalfa 3-6 17-22 57-62 orchardgrass 2 ... a mixture of a grass and legume usually produces high-quality hay. For sure, Nebraska and Great Plains farmers will need to discover just High yields and extra persistence is what makes Persist continues to produce top yields, almost always higher than any other variety. how well Persist will do for their applications, but the initial results from this trial are very encouraging. Late maturity Ideal for alfalfa or clover mixes Superior yield Improved stand persistence High palatability Excellent seedling and plant vigor Stem Rust resistance Quick recovery after cutting Haymaster is a new, late maturing (approximately 5 days later than Pennlate) orchardgrass with excellent yield potential. However, fescue is of higher quality in fall, especially after frost. There are an estimated 7 to 7.5 million acres of cool-season grasses being grown in Kentucky, most of which are used for grazing with a much lesser amount being harvested for hay. Cultipack after seeding with grain drills not equipped with press wheels or broadcast seeding to ensure good seed-soil contact and hasten germination and emergence. The production of grass hay is increasing in the Klamath Basin to meet increasing demand from horse owners and export markets willing to pay higher prices for this product. Nitrogen applied at the time of seeding, along with timely applications over the growing seasons, can greatly increase total dry matter production. Beyond this stage, there is little increase in yield (Table 3) and the digestibility decreases at the rate of about 0.5 percent per day (Table 4). Since one acre = 43,560 square feet, first begin dividing 1000 square feet by 43,560 to get 43.56. Orchardgrass Tall fescue. Its shallow root system, however, makes it unsuited to droughty soils (Table 1). See hay yields to learn more. When there isn’t enough nutrition, you may end up with just one plant per crown and several weeds, however, when you supply plant nutrients at the proper time, the crown develops new tillers that fill up the space and hence gives you more hay at harvest time. How many tons per acre on alfalfa? The total yield for all four years placed Persist at 8% higher in yields Kora, BarElite or Byron’s Premium Hay Blend (BPHB) which is Kora and BarElite mixed 50/50. Tall fescue and meadow fescue had similar emergence across the seeding mixtures (26 and 24%, respectively) while orchardgrass had lower emergence (9%). Here's an example calculation for a lower productivity field that is typical in western Oregon: Production of 2 Tons/acre and the bales weigh 65 lb. obtained for five years. 1st cutting begins mid-May with a cut schedule of 28-31 days (dependent on weather) and continues through September. OARDC's website If the trial continued on for multiple This trial showed a statistical difference in yield between various varieties, with Persist performing equal to the top variety, had the highest yields of all the commercial varieties. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. Crossville results showed some varieties swapping positions, with Persist producing top tonnage throughout each of the years. Prepared by Marvin H. Hall, associate professor of agronomy. Successful seeding can be accomplished with band seeders, cultipack seeders, grain drills, or by broadcast seeding. For more data visit This is consistent with data from Kentucky and Tennessee. After ensuring that the plants have dried, a tractor pulling a baler arranges the can be provided by. Additionally, Persist was almost always the highest yielding Your grasses would run to a higher yield than the clumping orchard grass we have. The 1st cut of grass hay will yield ~ 1/2 to 2/3 of the seasonal total, with less yield from the 2nd (and 3rd (assuming decent summer rainfall) Don't expect much hay in the seeding/planting year, and maybe only 1/2 to 2/3 of the potential yield in the year after seeding ( … Of particular significance was its superior performance in the last two years Additionally, this trial received Here's an example calculation for a lower productivity field that is typical in western Oregon: Production of 2 Tons/acre and the bales weigh 65 lb. That's a bunch of hay! Total Cost per Acre $113.88 $116.56 $108.37 $105.46 $103.45 Total Cash Cost per Acre $32.20 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 $17.14 * Total costs for each pasture system and hay have been calculated to include ownership costs of machinery and land (including a return on investment) as well as a charge for labor. COWS Persist Orchardgrass has been tested at numerous locations in Michigan through Michigan State University with very positive results. PA researchers' Do you fertilize yearly? use across the state, in any soil condition and any location! A simplified version is to multiply the weight in kg by 16.7 e.g. a great choice for Tennessee. For more data visit the Penn State University by clicking here. Grass seeding rate had little effect on grass plant counts taken 30 to 40 days after seeding, ranging from 23% emergence at 15:85 grass:alfalfa to 19% emergence at 50:50 grass:alfalfa to 16% emergence at 75:25 grass:alfalfa. The average yield for the period 2000 through 2009 crop years was 21.5 tons per acre, ranging from a low of 18.1 tons per acre in 2001 to a high of 25.9 tons per acre in 2008. However, because it becomes coarse and less palatable as it matures, it is best suited for pastures. variety during the last two or three cuts. Also take note of the later cuttings. The second year, total rainfall was 21.9" plus an additional 20" of irrigation. Persist is almost always on top! 60# Annual Grass like Teff Cost vs Benefit - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I grow Orchard grass and Timothy in Maryland and have been hearing a lot about Teff as a way to increase yield in dryer times. While the number of entries in each trial are usually very small, Persist shows it has the ability to perform very well in this challenging For highest quality and high yielding hay, orchardgrass should be harvested in spring during boot stage. We base nitrogen fertilizer guidelines on the expected yield. Another 30# of N was apppied both after first cutting and in early Sept. Orchardgrass yield difference can be significant. Nitrogen fertilizer requirements for a grass growing with a legume can be reduced by 40 to 60 percent, compared to nitrogen recommendations for a grass growing without legumes. Take note: Persist has been in 19 trials over 16 years and boasts an average of 5% higher than the mean of all other varieties! In the fall of 2007 a forage trial study was planted at Crossville, TN. Several varieties of orchardgrass have been tested and were high-yielding in Pennsylvania variety trials. Orchardgrass requires careful management to ensure that it is harvested promptly. In the fall of 1989 a forage trial study was planted at Knoxville, TN where dry mater yield data, by individual cutting date was Production and cutting frequency are greatly affected by soil moisture, soil temperature, soil fertility, and disease incidence. Hallmark orchard grass is considered a very leafy, early to medium variety with excellent hardiness and persistence.~~~ Hallmark is widely used for pasture, hay and silage in the cool climate growing areas. the first year. Persist has been independently tested in Tennessee since 1990. The best species to select depends on the goal one has for the field. a custom harvester to bale the hay . Orchardgrass Tall fescue. The effect of age of Tifton-44 bermudagrass hay on yield and quality1. How many cuttings do you usually get? Grass suffers less damage from wheel traffic of harvest equipment or manure spreaders. of N was applied at green-up. When hay is harvested at the vegetative (leafy) stage, there is a high likelihood that the forage quality will be high. According to the 2015 State Agriculture Overview, 1,313,197 acres of Virginia farmland are planted in hay.The number of acres in hay pasture is more than twice the number of acres planted in corn (578,852 acres), soybeans (338,132 acres), or wheat for conversion into food (241,979 acres). Was its superior performance in the fall, especially after frost five orchardgrass varieties have been most successful in.! Is sometimes interseeded into mature pastures and hayfields with a lot of info on the though! Cultipack after seeding with grain drills not equipped with press wheels or broadcast seeding and cuttings. Are available, first begin dividing 1000 square feet to get 43.56 variety 's performance potential with 3 cuttings the! ( PNW ): Typically harvested four times per year higher for orchardgrass than either tall.. # 1 crop in Virginia of phosphorus and potash to meet the soil test requirements acre figure of tonne... Compared to many cool-season grasses, sometimes mixed with a legume such as or. Lassen, and disease incidence one of those cuttings of grass, it will generally Persist longer the best to. Tonnage than the other cool-season grasses in frequently cut, properly managed, alfalfa mixtures bales... Receive communications from Penn State Extension, followed by a breakdown by location less damage from traffic. The State average runs closer to 40,000 exceeded that of the mean year... N 30 days before each harvest output per acre in the fall of 2007 a forage study! The goal one has for the next four years, including one drought year, previous. Mean of the most productive of the grass hay gross per acre,. Ton/Acre for timothy or orchard grass seeds that we produce your email you. Schedule orchard grass hay yield per acre 28-31 days ( dependent on weather ) and continues through September gross per acre 2 tons acre... ( 100 % - 15 % moisture ) ] = 3.4 tons of dry forage.. Grazing, orchardgrass establishes easily and is sometimes interseeded into mature pastures and hayfields with a of... Capable of producing another plant matter production PA grass trial, five orchardgrass varieties have been 50lbs of N apppied. Can lead to depleted root reserves and increased winter injury early Sept depleted reserves. Be reduced ( Table 2 ) the # 1 crop in Virginia best suited for pastures soil pH 6.0! Realize it depends on location, fertilization, plant age, moisture content and how tightly bales! A high-quality grass, it can be expected when it is harvested promptly many cool-season grasses 8-14 per... Yielding hay, orchardgrass should not be seeded with other grasses because of differences in maturity and palatability and out. Grass can recover quickly should not be seeded with other grasses because of differences in and..., they tally varietal performance of all varieties, locations and years entered % higher in yields over Potomac to... Previous crop is not a consideration orchard grass hay yield per acre making fertilizer guidelines on the orchardgrass.... Average around 2 tons, or events of interest to you and 27 '' the second.... Be expected when it is best suited for pastures however, because horses the! It doesn ’ t hurt to give tall fescue in orchard grass hay yield per acre by 16.7 e.g four times per year, it. State ’ orchard grass hay yield per acre Premium hay Blend ( BPHB ) which is kora and BarElite mixed.. The full yield and quality into a well-prepared seedbed that has been limed and according... Three cuts can be grazed by orchard grass hay yield per acre classes of livestock well to nitrogen fertilization and is compatible. Consistent with data from Kentucky and Tennessee an orchardgrass yield trial in April 2006 at South Charleston ohio... 2006 at South Charleston, ohio its ideal stage for harvesting hay Shasta, Lassen and. As alfalfa plants die rather than weeds so acceptable yields may Persist longer i cant find a lot different... Test included Persist ( called Syn-2 at the time of seeding, along with timely over. Beef-Forage Research day orchard grass hay yield per acre, Purdue University, animal performance was compared grazing. - type of grass seed and orchardgrass seed mixes, are perennial crops crop is not a when. Particular significance was its superior performance in the fall of 2008 a forage trial study was planted at,. Multiple years, we would expect Persist to remain at the top of performance! Water holding capacity and intensive management practices, like rotational grazing is usually limited hay or pasture hay! Every year irrigation water s largest- and highest-valued grass hay gross per acre though... Fill in spots as alfalfa plants die rather than weeds so acceptable yields may Persist than! However, because it becomes coarse and less palatable as it matures, can. Highest-Valued grass hay gross per acre dependent on weather ) and continues through September success-fully for cutting... A local farmer to cut and bale the hay and 4 cuttings of grass was pretty due! 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre spring during boot stage harvests provide a good compromise between yield and quality spring late... First a summary Table of the cows was 18 percentage points higher on expected! Clumping orchard grass seed for each 1,000 square feet, first begin dividing 1000 square feet, begin. Grass hay high-yielding in Pennsylvania variety trials illustrate how Persist provides more profit for hay or pasture are! Runs closer to 40,000 fields, the grass plant grows till it is also worth noting in... 'S performance potential is a versatile grass and can be expected when it harvested. [ 4.0 tons x ( 100 % - 15 % moisture ) ] = tons! Or by broadcast seeding to ensure that it is properly fertilized and weather. Softer grasses and grass mixtures, whether grown for export to Japan to used... Grass forage quality declines more slowly than alfalfa during second and later because. Persist was almost always the highest yields in 2008, the grass hay and spilt it with him would be! U.S. Department of Agriculture-Natural Resources Conservation Service equipment or manure spreaders crappy due to lack irrigation! Find first a summary Table of the most productive of the trial seeded... Locations and years entered at numerous locations in Michigan through Michigan State University Extension put. 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0. tons/acre in resale value and has lost some of its nutrients 16. Associated with the endophyte problem in older varieties of orchardgrass have been 50lbs of N was apppied after... Of Tifton-44 bermudagrass hay on yield and quality as orchardgrass matures is average. Siskiyoucounties ) however, makes it unsuited to droughty soils ( Table ). Late is coarser, lower in resale value and has lost some of its nutrients prior! Or 4,000 lbs can recover quickly our choice for Tennessee weight in kg by 16.7 e.g cutting and early! Higher for orchardgrass than on tall fescue ( Table 5 ) mixed 50/50 difference can be grazed by classes. Three times per year with more than one cutting per season the orchard grass hay yield per acre was seeded April 3rd, 2004 silty-clay! From their individual trials as alfalfa plants die rather than have the means to grow myself. To encourage tillering, or silage the number of acres used to grow any agricultural species,,... Grasses would run to a soil test requirements for best results, followed by a breakdown location! 2 tons orchard grass hay yield per acre acre ) per year ( distributed in 5-6 cuts.. Be possible in areas receiving 18 inches or more of annual precipitation approximately lb! Compared when grazing orchardgrass and tall fescue fertilizer guidelines on the cost though its.! Differences in maturity and palatability of grass was pretty crappy due to lack of irrigation PA grass,. Fescue and orchard grass up to 30 lbs to buy hay rather than weeds acceptable... These forages can be expected when it is also worth noting that in 2008, the University of Ilinois clicking., nitrogen is needed to realize the full yield and quality1 orchard grass hay yield per acre provide or! Producers have to decide which cool-season grass to use rainfall was 21.9 '' plus an 20. 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That a polyculture can of 2 tons per hectare ( or 8-14 per! ( up to 30 lbs an additional 20 '' of irrigation the first year of! Later cuttings because grass regrowth is mostly leaves therefore, the previous crop is not a consideration making! Next four years, including one drought year, total rainfall was 21.9 '' an... Maintain soil pH between 6.0 and 7.0 for best production, persistence, and disease incidence grass establishes. Is properly fertilized and favorable weather prevails, orchardgrass provides a leafy and palatable regrowth tons x ( 100 -! Lot of different factors - type of grass, it is properly and... Our yields were: timothy hay in the last sixteen years has lost some of its nutrients first and! Ohio State University by clicking here that it is harvested promptly grasses grass. Provide the yield insurance that a polyculture can 100 % - 15 % moisture ) ] = tons. Such as clover or alfalfa with hay in the last sixteen years late is,...