A very nice indoor plant, it tolerates heavy shade and light frosts. Water Req: It requires a lot of water with good drainage. “Cold hardy down to 15F” is NOT true. Full sun, moist, well drained position. Exposure Partial Shade. For subtropical and temperate regions: Hardiness: USDA Zone 9b-11. It has bipinnate green leaves, white unisexual flowers that form into pendent clusters, and red round fruits. The clump will survive, however, and continue to produce more stems. Resistant to Texas Root Rot. Habitat: Southeast Asia. Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions. The flowers are a pale cream colour, while the small 1 to 2 cm fruits are reddish-orange in colour. It does well in indoor containers. The Fishtail Palm Tree, scientific name Caryota mitis, is native to Southeast Asia and India. Flowers/Fruits: It produces beautiful creamy flowers that grow among the leaves. It will tolerate light frosts, but is not hardy. Caryota mitis, known as the clustering fishtail palm or fishtail palm, is a species of palm native to Tropical Asia from India to Java to southern China, now sparingly naturalized in southern Florida and in parts of Africa and Latin America. Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast. Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Puehuihueiki cemetery, Lahaina, Maui Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Hana Maui Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Waimanalo, Oahu Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Piilani Villages Shopping Center, Kihei, Maui Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Nursery Kihei, Maui Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Nursery Kihei, Maui Hawaii, Photo by Forest & Kim Starr, Garden of Eden Keanae, Maui Hawaii. Fine, Feathery Fronds Thrive on Neglect Why Fishtail Palm Trees? Caryota is a genus of palm trees.They are often known as fishtail palms because of the shape of their leaves. Indoors usually not over 2.5m (8 feet) in height and 1.5m (5 feet) in width. Loam or Sand Texture. Hopefully they will survive. Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos. Required fields are marked * Caryota mitis grows 20 feet tall and 15 feet wide and prefers moist soil. This palm is cold hardy down to 15F and can be grown in states like Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, Oregon and Texas. Caryota mitis flowers in Vietnam - By Tran Huu Dang. It's not a plant that is easy to grow, especially indoors, so you will need to give it some special care if you decide to grow it. About the Caryota mitis palm also known as the Fishtail palm or the Burmese fishtail palm. The Fishtail Palm Tree, scientific name Caryota mitis, is native to Southeast Asia and India. ), northern Australia, and the South Pacific. This palm does well only in the warmest parts of Zone 9. The species was originally described from Vietnam in 1790. It is in full sun for less than an hour each day. Needs to be planted as an understorey palm. Photo by Kev Spence. It is a single trunk tree, and it has an exotic look that can add some pizzazz to your garden space. It takes around 4-6 months to germinate. This page was last modified 08:47, 10 January 2016 by. Redefined by its bi-pinnate leaves that look just like fishtail fins, the Fishtail Palm (aptly named) wows. It is one of the few suckering species, which helps to prolong its life- being monocarpic most Caryotas only live 10-30 years, but this one will keep suckering as other stems flower and die. Full Sun Cultivation Full sun / good drainage, moist soil, easy and quickly germination. Original publication date November 1993. Leaves bring a beautiful texture to settings. Followers 3. Find quick palm tree grower information on Caryota mitis online and where to buy this palm. Caryota mitis. The palm is also used in construction. It’s probably one of the most elegant looking palms, bringing an upscale look to any room or garden. Growth Rate: Moderate. Hardiness USDA zone 9 - 11. Because it is shallow rooted, it should be planted in an area protected from wind. Fast growing, great as an unusual indoor specimen. It is sometimes grown indoors as a large houseplant. It's planted beneath the outer branches of a huge Hass Avocado tree (50-60 ft tall) in my back yard so it receives dappled sunlight or shade most of the day. Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns Needs high humidity. Slightly Acidic Soil pH. Each slender stem is topped with several bipinnate leaves that can reach 9 ft (3 m) in length. Moist Soil. Hardiness: 9b to 11: Reviews There are no reviews yet. C. mitis is native to Southeast Asia. Harley & C.E. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits). The leaves are bipinnate and 2m long, with segments that have a … Common names: The Fishtail Palm is also known as Clustered Fishtail Palm. Like other palms, it is also tapped for sap which is made into palm sugar or fermented to make toddy. The fuzz from the young leaves are used as tinder to start a fire. Needs high humidity. Scientific name: Caryota mitis Pronunciation: kair-ee-OH-tuh MIT-iss Common name(s): Fishtail palm Family: Arecaceae USDA hardiness zones: 10B through 11 (Figure 2) Origin: native to southeast Asia UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: caution, may be recommended but manage to prevent escape (South); not considered a problem species at this time, may be recommended (North, Central) Uses: indoors; specimen; deck or patio; container or planter; screen The Fishtail Palm Tree, scientific name Caryota mitis, is native to Southeast Asia and India. It does well in indoors containers. "Himalaya", would be a better choice. Unlike regular palms’ feather-like fronds, the Fishtail Palm’s foliage is tightly organized in a herringbone fashion. The light green leaflets are shaped like a fish's tail fin, hence its common name (see photo below). Florida Palm Trees is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com This adds no extra cost to your purchase but helps this site grow and cover the costs of running it. It is not hardy but will tolerate light frosts. It usually sends up multiple stems or trunks. Caryota mitis NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. The fishtail palm is a tough, easy to grow palm that makes a great houseplant, and is sometimes available from discount store garden centers at a reasonable price. Hardiness: USDA Zone 9b-10. That means you can include it in landscapes in places like Louisiana, Texas, Georgia, Alabama and Florida. Caryota mitis Lour. Think twice before putting it into an average sized garden (it does get BIG). Original publication date November 1993. 2008. South Florida and Hawaii are about the only climates in the US this palm looks good in... though it does passably indoors. ... Hardiness: It is one of the hardiest feather palms, tolerating temperatures down to about -2°C (or even less for short periods) when mature, young plants are more cold sensitive; it … Show All Show Tabs Burmese fishtail palm Notes: One of the few clustering species of the genus, could be used as a horticultural fence. Le caryota cultivé en intérieur n'aime pas le soleil direct et doit être protégé des rayons brûlants qui peuvent arriver des fenêtres exposées au sud. Distribution: Caryota mitis: 9b: 0°C-2.5°C : Caryota obtusa: 9b: 0°C-2.7°C: May be hardier than this. Your email address will not be published. We had 4 hours at 29F here in FL last week and it caused major damage to our fishtails. Appearance: The Fishtail Palm has multi stem grey trunk. This palm does well only in the warmest parts of Zone 9. There are about 13 species native to Asia (China, India, Indonesia, etc. It goes into the details on how you can grow cold hardy palms in zones 7, 6 and even 5. It will tolerate light frosts, but is not hardy. (RPS.com). There is a great book, written by David A. Francko that I really like, it’s called “Palms Won’t Grow Here and Other Myths: Warm-Climate Plants for Cooler Areas”. Find help & information on Caryota mitis Burmese fishtail palm from the RHS It does best in the tropics. It is a well-tested, easy-to-grow, and really reliable palm, and will grow in nearly any frost-free climate from warm temperate to tropical. After the last flowering, the stem dies and should be removed. Caryota Mitis: Family: Arecaceae: Genus: Caryota: Species: Mitis: Common Name: Clustered Fishtail Palm: Type: Palm: Height: 10 to 12 feet: Hardiness: 9b to 11: Reviews There are no reviews yet. ... Hardiness: USDA Zone 9b: to -3.8 °C (25 °F) USDA Zone 10a: to -1.1 °C (30 °F) Caryota mitis variegated Sign in to follow this . Caryota mitis Lour. More about me. It does well in indoors containers. Work in progress Species Information currently being revised! cv. For the most consistent growth, keep your palm tree evenly moist but not wet. Habitat: Southeast Asia. Caryota mitis is the fishtail palm most commonly sold for houseplant and landscape use. Cold Hardiness: Can survive a protected spot in the temperate garden. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. This palm tree is unique in many ways and will make a great natural privacy fence for any home or eco-friendly landscape. The palm will die once it reaches is final seeding. This beauty will grow in nearly any frost-free climate from warm temperate to tropical. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Top 35 Types of Palm Trees (with Pictures), 10 Ways To Protect Palm Trees From Winter Freeze, 17 Palm Tree Insects & Diseases and How To Treat Them, 7 Tips for Minimizing Transplant Shock in Palm Trees, Transplanting Palm Tree to a Bigger Container, Transplanting Palm Tree From One Location to Another, Palms Won’t Grow Here and Other Myths: Warm-Climate Plants for Cooler Areas. Cold Tolerance: The Fishtail Palm can tolerate cold temperatures down to 15F. It tolerates heavy shade and is often used in interior plantings in commercial buildings. Salinity Tolerance is Moderate Inland. The Fishtail Palm has a unique flowering habit whereby the inflorescence develops from the top of the trunk first, followed by subsequent bunches moving downwards. Caryota ochlandra: 9b: 0°C-2.7°C: May be … Leaves bring a beautiful texture to settings. For cooler areas, however, Caryota maxima var. Fish by scientific name . However, the fruit and the whole plant can cause severe itching because they contain minute needle-like crystals. Fishtail palm is hardy to 15°F (Zone 8b). However, the fruit may i… Note that the majority of clustering Caryotas sold in nurseries (usually as indoor plants) in the US are NOT this species, but are clumps of a solitary species (most likely C. urens or C. maxima)..." (Geoff Stein), "These palm are usualy devoid of nitrogen manganese and potassium in Southern CAlifornia. Also known as. A Beginner's Guide to Fishtail Palm Tree Care (Caryota Genus). As a rough estimate, figure your Caryota urens will get to fifty feet or more, Caryota gigas to thirty feet and C. mitis to fifteen feet, sometimes taller depending on where you live. The fishtail palm can be used in shrub borders and outdoor container plantings. Uhl, C.B. Light: Fishtail palm thrives, full sun to part shade, will even tolerate full, but bright shade. Subsequent flowering proceeds lower and lower down the stem. An unusual triangular form features a jagged edge and ruffled appearance that resembles a fish tail or fin. The Australian Fishtail (Caryota albertii) is a climber and makes a Wholesale and retail palms, delivered to your door across the East Coast of Australia. Caryota mitis vary in shape. A very nice indoor plant, it tolerates heavy shade and light frosts. This foliage plant germinates and develops quickly, becoming an attractive, bushy, medium-sized palm, sporting many dark green, bipinnate leaves with fishtail-shaped leaflets that are unique to Caryota. The Plants Database includes the following 2 species of Caryota . http://itp.lucidcentral.org/id/palms/palm-id/Caryota_mitis.htm, http://www.palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Caryota_mitis&oldid=134719, PALM SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA (PSSC), CENTRAL FLORIDA PALM AND CYCAD SOCIETY (CFPCS). Hardiness: USDA Zone 9b-10. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10a View the UK and US zone maps. Fruit contains raphides in the flesh and cause skin irritation. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Fishtail palms are found from Cape York through SE Asia to China and India; they grow in rainforests of varying altitudes. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Propagation Seeds, division of clumps. This moderately fast growing palm can get up to 10 – 20 ft tall and 5-10 ft wide. This page has been accessed 60,603 times. The leaflets shaped like fishtails therefore the palm’s common name is Fishtail Palm. Caryota mitis leaves by Stan Shebs (CC BY-SA 3.0). Caryota mitis: Hardiness Zones: 10-11: Mature Height: 15-25 Feet: Growth Rate: Moderate: Flower Prominence: Inconspicuous: Flower Color: Full sun to partial shade: Blooms: Average water needs: Water Needs: Consistent moist soil, Moderately Drought Tolerant: Cold Tolerance: Moderately Cold Hardy when mature: Light Needs: Full Sun to Partial Shade Their roots are also relatively shallow for palms, making them susceptible to blowing over in high winds. It is great for growing in the USDA zones 8b (15 to 20 F) to 11 (above 40 F). Montgomery Palm Single 18'OA. palm DATA. Small Fishtail Palm Tree, Caryota mitis The Fishtail Palm (Caryota mitis) is also commonly known as the Clustered Fishtail Palm because of it natural way of forming in clumps. This species is one of the less hardy ones, and doesn't look good in marginal climates. Caryota mitis: Fishtail Palm1 Edward F. Gilman, Dennis G. Watson, Ryan W. Klein, Andrew K. Koeser, Deborah R. Hilbert, and Drew C. McLean2 1. Moisture: This palm needs adequate moisture, but with good drainage. Origin: It is native to Southeast Asia and India. Once the plant begins to flower in the landscape, it dies over a two-year period, but seedlings often take the place of the dying stems. Let the soil dry slightly … A Beginner's Guide to Fishtail Palm Tree Care (Caryota Genus). Caryota mitis fruits Caryota rumphiana flowers (right) and fruits (left) Caryotas are made of fairly hard wood, making them one of the more difficult palms to cut down once they die. Use a general-purpose potting mix with good drainage, because these trees like it on the drier side. Photo by Paul Craft. If you decide to give it a go, plant the tree in a pot with enough room to accommodate massive growth. Be the first to review “Caryota Mitis” Cancel reply. I am a mother, a wife and a gardener. Each stem has 8 to 10 bipinnate leaves that can be up to 9ft long. but both very cold hardy, perhaps 19`F. The fruit contains crystal oxalate which will irritate the eyes and skin. In India, an edible starch is extracted from the stem, and the palm heart eaten. Susceptible to Scales and Spider Mites. Editing by edric. Its fronds are unique; in fact, they resemble the tails of fish. Caryota mitis is the fishtail palm most commonly sold for houseplant and landscape use. Propagation Seeds, division of clumps.